The Influence of Situational Leadership on Employee Work Productivity with Work Environment as a Mediating Variable At BUMN Defense Industry (Study at PT Len Industri Persero)

(1) * Yovita Anggraeni Mail (Business Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Sukabumi, Sukabumi, Indonesia, Indonesia)
(2) Faizal Mulia Z Mail (Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Social Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Sukabumi, Sukabumi, Indonesia, Indonesia)
(3) Sopyan Saori Mail (Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Social Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Sukabumi, Sukabumi, Indonesia, Indonesia)
*corresponding author

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the effect of situational leadership on employee productivity with work environment as a mediating variable at PT Len Industri (Persero), a state-owned enterprise in the defense industry sector. The research method used is quantitative method with associative approach. Data were collected through questionnaires distributed to employees of PT Len Industri (Persero). The research sample was taken using the slovin formula, with a total of 220 respondents. Data analysis was carried out using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with the help of PLS version 3 software. The results showed that situational leadership has a significant influence on employee work productivity by 3.037. In addition, it was found that work environment acts as a significant mediating variable in the relationship between situational leadership and employee work productivity by 5.980. This means that effective situational leadership can increase employee work productivity directly, as well as through improving the quality of the work environment. This research provides a practical contribution for PT Len Industri (Persero) in implementing an adaptive leadership style and creating a conducive work environment to increase employee work productivity.


Keywords


Situational Leadership, Employee Productivity, Work Environment, PT Len Industri (Persero), Defense Industry

   

DOI

https://doi.org/10.47679/jrssh.v4i2.117
      

Article metrics

10.47679/jrssh.v4i2.117 Abstract views : 62 | PDF views : 10

   

Cite

   

Full Text

Download

References


Anggreni, NW, Sitiari, NW, Luh, N., Indiani, P., & Pertamawati, NP (2018). The Effect of Leadership and Work Environment on Employee Performance Through Mediation of Work Spirit at Prama Sanur Beach Hotel. Jagaditha Journal of Economics and Business , 5 (2), 84–91.

Baiti, KN, Djumali, & Kustiyah, E. (2020). Employee Work Productivity is Judging from Motivation, Work Discipline and Work Environment at PT. Iskandar Indah Printing Textile Surakarta. Edunomics Journal , 04 (01), 69–87.

Drajat, A., Norisanti, N., & Z, FM (2022). The Role of Work Life Balance and Non-Physical Work Environment on Employee Performance. Journal of Management and Business (JOMB) , 4 (1), 128–136. https://doi.org/10.31539/jomb.v4i1.756

Fajari, Z., Danial, RDM, & Saori, S. (2022). Analysis of Workload and Career Development on Job Satisfaction at Perumdam Tirta Jaya Mandiri Sukabumi Regency. Management Studies and Entrepreneurship Journal , 3 (August), 1879–1887.

Fathussyaadah, E., & Ardiansyah, A. (2020). The Influence of the Work Environment on Employee Work Productivity. Economic Journal , VI (2), 1–15.

Febriani, Y., Wahyudi, A., & Suprayitno. (2019). Analysis of the Influence of Leadership and Work Environment on the Performance of State Civil Apparatus with Job Satisfaction as a Mediating Variable (Survey on Special Class 1A Surakarta District Court State Civil Apparatus). Journal of Human Resource Management , 13 (2), 332–345.

Hidayat, R., Hardhienata, S., & Patras, YE (2020). The effects of situational leadership and self-efficacy on the improvement of teachers' work productivity using correlation analysis and SITOREM. The International Journal of Counseling and Education , 5 (1), 6–14.

Indriani, R., Mulia, F., & Barat, J. (2020). The Influence of Employee Training and Work Ability on Employee Performance. Udayana University Economics and Business E-Journal , 5 , 471–484.

Jaya, UA, & Rahmawati, Sri S. (2022). The Influence of Individual Characteristics and Work Environment on Employee Work Productivity. Horizon Journal , 5 (April).

Kurniawan, IS, Faghmilah, I., & Herawati, J. (2021). The Influence of Situational Leadership Style, Discipline and Work Motivation on PT Employee Productivity. Pratama Sentosa Pemalang. Journal of Management And Science , 6 (2), 437–443. https://doi.org/10.33087/jmas.v6i2.262

Lado, M.D., Fanggidae, R.P.C., & Timmuneno, T. (2019). The Influence of Situational Leadership Style on the Work Productivity of Kupang City PDAM Employees. Journal of Management , 10 (3), 283–297.

Nugroho, KJ (2021). Analysis of Workload, Work Motivation and Work Environment on Employee Work Productivity at the Blitar Regency Central Statistics Agency. Autonomous Journal , 21 (April), 156–163.

Nugroho, WA, & Tahwin, M. (2022). The influence of the work environment, leadership and supervision on the performance of Rembang district regional civil service agency employees. Scientific Journal Focusing on Economics, Management, Business and Accounting , 01 (03), 267–273.

Olayisade, A., & Awolusi, O.D. (2021). The Effect of Leadership Style on Employee's Productivity in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry. Information Management and Business Review , 13 (1), 47–64.

Panjaitan, M. (2017). The Influence of the Work Environment on Work Productivity. Journal of Management , 3 (2), 1–5.

Prasetya, D., Sunarya, E., & Saori, S. (2023). The Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Intellectual Intelligence on Performance. Management Studies and Entrepreneurship Journal , 4 (1), 309–314.

Prhasti, S., & Wahyono. (2018). The Influence of Leadership Style, Organizational Culture, and Work Environment on Employee Performance with Job Satisfaction as a Mediator. Economic Educational Analysis Journal , 7 (2), 543–552.

Pristanti, MD, Suradii, & Malikun, M. (2022). The influence of situational leadership style, work environment and motivation on employee performance at PT. Nusantara Plantation XII Tretes Ngawi Plantation. Journal of Scientific Research and Studies , 20 (1), 10–17.

Rahmat, Ramly, M., Mallongi, S., & Kalla, R. (2020). The Leadership Style Effect on the Job Satisfaction and the Performance. Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Education , 4 (1), 1–13.

Restiani, R., Mulia, F., & Jhoansyah, D. (2020). Effectiveness of Work Capabilities on Work Morale at PT Doosan Jaya Sukabumi. Equity: Journal of Economic Education , 8 (1), 54. https://doi.org/10.23887/ekuitas.v8i1.24541

Rismayanti, F., Mulia, F., & Komariah, K. (2020). The Role of Position Promotion in Increasing Employee Work Productivity (Study at PT. Star Comgistic Indonesia, Sukabumi Regency). Udayana University Economics and Business E-Journal , 3 , 303–312.

S, SRW, Sunarya, E., & Z, FM (2023). The influence of the implementation of digital innovation and the work environment on the effectiveness of employee work studies: employees of pt. Tiki JNE Express Main Branch of Sukabumi City. Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting (COSTING) , 7 (1), 2413–2419.

Sahir, SH (2022). Research methods .

Siagian, HM, Lubis, MJ, & Darwin. (2022). Application of Situational Leadership Style to Private Elementary School Principals. Basicedu Journal , 6 (3), 3821–3829.

Sinaga, S. (2020). The Influence of Motivation and Work Experience on Employee Work Productivity at PT. Trikarya Cemerlang Medan. Metadata Scientific Journal , 2 (2), 159–169.

Sugiyono. (2018). Quantitative, Qualitative and R&D Research Methods .

Tetania, NS, & Susanto, AH (2022). The influence of situational leadership style and work morale on employee productivity at PT Zzz. Scientific Journal of Management, Business and Entrepreneurship , 2 (3), 46–60.

Ulandari, M., Hinggo, HT, & Zaki, H. (2023). The Influence of Situational Leadership Style, Work Motivation, and Work Environment on the Performance of Secretariat Staff at the Riau Province Food Crops and Horticulture Service. Journal of Business Economics & Accounting , 3 , 837–846.

Wicaksono, RS, Norisanti, N., & Saori, S. (2022). Welfare optimization and mutations in improving employee performance (empirical study on: employees of PT Haleyora Powerindo Sukabumi area). Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting , 6 (1), 467–474.

Wijaya, PH, Widayati, CC, & Rahmayanti, C. (2018). The Influence of Situational Leadership Style, Organizational Culture and Compensation on Performance. Journal of Economics , XXIII (03), 319–333.

Yanuari, Y. (2019). Analysis of the influence of work motivation and work environment on employee performance 1. Journal of Business & Entrepreneurship , 2 (1), 45–54. https://doi.org/10.24853/baskara.2.1.44-54


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Yovita Anggraeni, Faizal Mulia Z, Sopyan Saori

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Journal of Research in Social Science And Humanities

Published by Utan Kayu Publishing

Lucky Arya Residence 2 No. 18
Jalan HOS. Cokroaminoto Kab. Pringsewu
Lampung - Indonesia, Postal code 35373

Email: jurnal.jrssh@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
JRSSH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.